The Uniform Military and Overseas Voter Act (UMOVA) simplifies the process of absentee voting for United State military and overseas civilians by making the process more uniform, convenient, secure and efficient. UMOVA covers all military personnel or their dependents, as well as U.S. citizens residing outside the United States who are unable to vote in-person. This latter catebory includes a class of voters not covered by the federal law in this area: U.S. citizens born overseas who have reached voting age without having resided in the United State. UMOVA applies to all statewide and local elections as well as to all federal elections, both primary and general (and also special and run-off elections).
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